Top 10 cocoa producing countries

food & drinks

Few people will think of chocolate when they hear Theobroma Cacao. Yet, this is the tree that produces seeds for the production of one of the most popular flavours in the world: chocolate. The cocoa tree grows within 20° south and 20° north of the equator. So what are the most important cocoa producing countries?

The cocoa tree is native to America. It probably originated in the bassins of the Orinico and the Amazon. Cocoa was first cultivated by the Olmecs at least 1500 BC in Mexico. They named the tree Cacahuatl, which was renamed by the Spanish into cacao and was then anglicized into cocoa. Chocolate was introduced to Europe by the Spaniards, and became a popular beverage by the mid 17th century. The Dutch and the Swiss were and still are notable processors of the cocoa bean, although the processing currently takes place in the cocoa producing countries on a larger scale. Chocolate and cocoa are believed to have health benefits. Cocoa contains large amounts of antioxidants and flavonoids, which may have beneficial cardiovascular effects on health. The global production of cocoa exceeds 4 million tonnes. But what are the most important cocoa producing countries measured in tons? Here’s top 10 countries by cocoa production!

Top 10 cocoa producing countries

  1. Dominican Republic – 54,279 tons
  2. Peru – 56,500 tons
  3. Togo – 100,000 tons
  4. Equador – 224,163 tons
  5. Brazil – 248,524 tons
  6. Cameroon – 272,000 tons
  7. Nigeria – 400,000 tons
  8. Ghana – 700,020 tons
  9. Indonesia – 712,200 tons
  10. Ivory Coast – 1,559,441 tons

FAO 2011