In 2012 the nuclear power capacity worldwide rose to 372.5 gigawatts. In total 437 nuclear power reactors were operating worldwide in 31 countries. Although some countries like Germany and Japan have said to permanently shut down all reactors, others, such as China, India, Saudi Arabia and Russia will open new nuclear reactors in order to satisfy its energy demand.
As nuclear power plants are fueled by uranium, countries with a high reserve of uranium will benefit from the growing share of nuclear energy of the total energy output. The major uranium oxide producing countries are Australia, Canada and Kazakhstan. But how about the uranium reserve? Some notable regions are expected to be rich in resources of uranium (Siberia, Antarctica, Greenland), but due to permafrost it’s not cost efficient to explore it. But which countries currently have the biggest supply of uranium? Here’s a top 10 countries by uranium reserve!
Top 10 countries by uranium reserve (2015)
- Mongolia – 141,500 tonnes / 2% of world reserve
- Namibia – 267,000 tonnes / 5% of world reserve
- China – 272,500 tonnes / 5% of world reserve
- Brazil – 276,800 tonnes / 5% of world reserve
- Niger – 291,500 tonnes / 5% of world reserve
- South Africa – 322,400 tonnes / 6% of world reserve
- Russia – 507,800 tonnes / 9% of world reserve
- Canada – 509,000 tonnes / 9% of world reserve
- Kazakhstan – 745,300 tonnes / 13% of world reserve
- Australia – 1,664,100 tonnes / 29% of world reserve
Uranium: War, Energy, and the Rock That Shaped the World